Mumbai, which was previously known as Bombay
is a major metropolitan city of India. It is the state capital of Maharashtra
. Mumbai city is known as the business capital of India, it being the country's principal
financial and communications centre. The city has the largest and the busiest port handling
India's foreign trade and a major Interntional airport. India's largest Stock Exchange
which ranks as the third largest in the world, is situated in Mumbai. Here, trading of
stocks is carried out in billions of rupees everyday.
Discription about Mumbai/Bombay can not be complete without the mention of Bollywood,
the biggest Indian film industry which churns out hundreds of Hindi block-busters every
Where is Mumbai?
Mumbai (Bombay) lies on the western coast of India.
It is a group of seven islands in the Arabian Sea which lies off the northern Konkan coast
on the west of Maharashtra state in India. These seven islands which were once
seperated by creeks and channels were filled and bridged over the years by the
History of Mumbai
In 1661, King Charles II of England, married Princess Catherine de Braganza of
Portugal, and as part of the dowry he received "Bombay" which is today
known as Mumbai. Later in 1668 it was handed over to the East India Company.
In 1858 the administration of the country was taken over by the Queen of England, Queen
Victoria, from the East India Company. A viceroy was appointed to rule India in the name
of the Queen.
Bombay came under the direct rule of the British in 1861.
The first railway line in India was started between Bombay (VT) and Thane
In 1864, modern water supply was started in Bombay (Mumbai) and in 1885, Bombay was
lit with gas.
Mahatma Gandhi joining Indian Politics in 1920, was
a turning point in the political destiny of India which led to the Independence of
India from the British rule. Bombay (Mumbai) had an important role to play in this
Most of the year, Mumbai's climate is warm and humid.
Between November and February, the skies are clear,and the temperature is cooler. From
March the temperature becomes warm and humid till mid June, the beginning of monsoon.
During monsoon there are torrential rains, sometimes causing the flooding of major roads
and streets of Mumbai. The average rainfall which is brought by the south-west monsoon
winds in Mumbai is 180 cms. Monsoon ends by the end of September. October is
comparatively hot and humid.
Mumbai- A Melting
The total population of Mumbai is about 10 millions. It is
still growing. Mumbai provides umpteen opportunities to realize one's dreams. Hence,
people from all over India, belonging to different cultures come here to realize their
dreams. Mumbai has become the melting pot of all Indian cultures. This is the reason
Mumbai has a truly cosmopolitan population bustling with activity. It's film industry
"Bollywood" also draws a number of youths with tinsel dreams to Mumbai. Being a
major financial center, People from all over the world come here for business
opportunities. This has made Mumbai a major International city.